What Are Communication Process?

What are communication process? Different Types Of Communication Process.


The communication process is a cyclical process that involves the transmission of information from one person to another. It is a two-way process, meaning that both the sender and the receiver of the message play an active role in the communication.

For Newman and Summer, communication is an exchange of data, ideas, opinions, or feelings by two or further persons. Herbert A. Simon has defined it as a process whereby decision demesne are transmitted from one member of an association to another.


Whether formal or informal, the introductory communication process is still the same. In fact, communication has been described as a process. The colorful factors of the communication process are(a) the source or sender;(b) the message;(c) the code;(d) the transmission media;(e) the receiver’s response or feedback. Now, let us examine each one of these factors in detail.

A. The source: The sender of the communication is the source for the receiver. That is, the association or the existent who sends the communication would be the source for the receiver. The sender or the source must be sure about the purpose of the communication or communication. The purpose may be(1) informing the receiver, (2) prevailing the receiver, (3) educating the receiver or(4) changing the station of the receiver towards the source or the object of the communication itself.

B. The message: The contents of the communication constitute the communication. Similar contents may be bare information, suggestion, order, advice, persuasion, advising etc., the communication must be so drafted or enciphered that it may achieve the purpose for which it’s transferred. In other words, the communication should impact the receiver and change his station.

C. The Code: The communication process is needed to be put into a law before it can be transmitted through the applicable medium. All mortal languages are canons. Encoding involves the use of symbols. The words and expressions in languages are symbols and form language units. The prophet’s communication must be restated into a common language which reflects the idea.

D. The Transmission Media: The means through which directors communicate to their inferiors are known as transmission media. The communication of process can be executed in three media(a) Oral, (b) Written, and(c) Visual nonverbal, Letters, reports, statement, journals, publication, face- to- face dialogue, gestures, tone, facial expressions etc., can all be nominated transmission media. For distant connections telephones, telex, telegrams etc., are employed. For two-day and multichannel communication, conference, forums, commission meetings, group conversations, etc., are made use of. It’s the sender who should elect an applicable medium for the transmission of his message. However, it’s likely to affect the inflow of communication and indeed affect in communication failure, Facial expressions, If the choice is unhappy.

E. The Receiver Effective: communication is one which is receiver – acquainted and not media-acquainted. The receiver is the individual or the association for whom the communication is decoded and transmitted. The law capability of the receiver should be compatible qualitatively and quantitatively to the law capability of the sender. In other words, the receiver must be suitable to crack the communication and to communicate his response to the sender. It may be refocused out then that words frequently mean different effects to different people, and the same word may have numerous meanings.

F. The Receiver’s Response or Feedback: The receiver’s response or action is the final stage in the communication process. It’s also known as feedback. The source sends the communication only to have feedback, and it’ll suffer if there’s no response or feedback. Instant response can be anticipated and is possible only in face- to- face discussion. A one-way communication process won’t give any feedback, but a hitch-way communication will have feed – reverse. Feedback provides a channel for the receiver-response, which enables the sender to determine whether the communication has been understood by the receiver as intended. With timely feedback, any deformation in meaning can be corrected by another communication process.

Communication in an association may be oral or written; formal or informal. A formal communication moves through formally established channels. It’s concerned with work-related matters. It flows in three directions over, overhead and indirectly. Informal communication, popularly known a ‘ conduit’ doesn’t flow through structured channels formally honored. The conduit has its graces and faults. While speed is the topmost merit of conduit, scuttlebutt is its topmost debit. The colorful factors of the process of communication are source, communication, law, media, receiver, and feedback.

Communication in a company may be oral or written; formal or informal.

A formal communication move through formally established channels. It is concerned with work-related matters. It moves in three directions: downward, upward and laterally.
Informal communication, popularly known a ‘grapevine’ does not move through structured channels formally recognized. The grapevine has its merits and demerits. While speed is the significant merit of grapevine, rumor is its greatest disadvantage.

There are some fresh tips for effective communication

  • Be clear and terse in your dispatches.
  • Use language that’s applicable for the followership.
  • Be apprehensive of artistic differences that may affect communication.
  • Be attentive to feedback from the receiver.
  • Be willing to acclimatize your communication style to the situation.

By following these tips, you can ameliorate your communication skills and ensure that you’re communicating effectively with others.

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